Illiotibial Band Syndrome is one of the leading causes of lateral knee pain. The iliotibial band is a thickening of tissue on the outside of the thigh, extending from the outside of the pelvis, over the hip and knee, and inserting just below the knee. The band is crucial to stabilizing the knee during running, moving from behind the femur to the front while walking. The continual compression of the band, combined with the weak hip musculature and poor biomechanics of lower limb during running may cause the area to become inflamed.
Illiotibial Band Syndrome symptoms range from a stinging sensation just above the knee joint (on the outside of the knee or along the entire length of the iliotibial band) to swelling or thickening of the tissue at the point where the band moves over the femur. The pain may not occur immediately during activity, but may intensify over time, especially as the foot strikes the ground. Pain might persist after activity. Pain may also be present below the knee, where the Illiotibial Band actually attaches to the tibia.
- Rest Ice Compression Elevation (RICE)
- Activity modification
- Therapeutic ultrasound